Exploring: Current Experiences
Challenging: Women Issues
Reading: Research Articles
Guessing: Proverbs & Riddles
Studying: Literature & Poetry
Visiting: Photo Gallery
Admiring: Art Gallery
Listening to: Hmong Radios
Enjoying: Tales for Children
Taking: Courses of Cult & Language
Proposing: Story, Poetry & Artwork
| Research Articles:
Kaying: Goddess, Shamanistic Spirit and Bestower of Children. A Figure of Love and of Compassion
by Dr. Kao-Ly Yang
It took me 10 years to finish to gather the data, and one full month during summer 2006 to write this article about Kaying -- Niam Nkauj Kab Yeeb or Niam Poj Dab Pog-- Spirit of Fertility and Bestower of Children in the Hmong culture. The beginning of this research project took place one morning in 1996, in Laos where I was observing a Soul Calling (Hu plig), traditional ritual for new-borns. I have to say that I have observed it several times in France but it was in the traditional setting that made me aware of its full meaning. The sequence in that ritual that occured outside the house questionned me regarding the identity of the Spirit Kaying that parents were thanking for bringing the child.
Over the years, the puzzle had been put in my mind. And it was a job interview at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that finally enlightened my understanding of the identity of Kaying: She has a Buddhist origin. She is the Goddess of Mercy in the Chinese Buddhism.
In this academic paper of 42 pages with pictures, I compared the two spiritual entities, the Hmong Kaying and the Chinese Guanyin basing on their similarities. I also analyzed the processes of borrowing of Kaying from the Chinese culture, and proposed a reinterpretation of the nature of the Hmong system of beliefs.
It was a fascinating research subject that took me to re-understand the origins and the features of the Hmong system of beliefs which is made of borrowed religious elements from other major religions that had been incorporated into the Hmong culture. Some of the elements like Kaying had overlapped pre-exisiting spiritual entities. I was excited to find a connection between Shamanism and Buddhism through this case study where Kaying reveals to be also a shamanistic spirit. To conclude the article, I have defined the notions of religious related to social practices and the notions of miracle, of love and of compassion.
Definitively, this article will help you to understand the complexity of the way Hmong people reinvente their culture and live their faith. To read the whole article, click here
This article has been published by the Hmong Studies Journal, Vol.7, Dec 2006
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|TOPICS OF 2006
Tsab rau Tsab Mim Xyooj
Lettre ouverte à Chamee Xiong, la plus célèbre chanteuse hmong
The Open Letter to Chamee Xiong, the Most Famous Female Hmong Singer
Kuv tus Phauj Nyob Asmeslivkas Teb thiab "cov nkauj laug"
Ma Tante d'Amérique et les "vieilles filles"
My Aunt from America Handling the "Old girls"
Ib tug ntxhais kev hlub rau nws leej niam
Les soins d'une fille à sa mère
A Daughter's Care for her Mother
Qav Xav Loj li Twm
La Grenouille qui désire devenir aussi grosse qu'un boeuf
The Frog who aspired to become as big as the Ox
Cov lus, cov duab thiab cov siab tuaj koom lub rooj sab laj poj niam hmoob
Paroles, photos et sentiments à propos de la conférence sur les femmes hmong
Words, pictures and feelings at the Hmong Women Conférence, Minnesota 2005
Taaj kev zais siab tsis pab nws tus kheej rov ua neej
Les mensonges de Taah à propos de son divorce ne l'aident pas à trouver son intégrité
Taah's Lies about her Divorce Kept her far from her Integrity
Guest Writer: Lindy Lee-Her
Hmoob Nkes: Thaum txij neej rov nyiam txiv neej,poj niam rov nyiam poj niam
Gay et lesbians Hmong en Amérique
Hmong Gay and Lesbians
Phauj Xis raug muag ua niam peb
Ma tante Sy a été vendue comme troisième épouse
Aunt See had been sold as a third wife
Guest Writer: Lig Vaaj
Xub Thoj Lub Neej Ua Yeeb Yam Kiab
Un morceau de l'histoire du développement du cinéma hmong: Su Thao
A Piece of the Making of Hmong Films: Su Thao
Tsheej Kim, Tus neeg hu xov Tooj tsis tseg
The Chencki-man, the night caller
Tus txiv neej uas hais lus rau cov tsawb
L'homme qui parlait aux bananiers
The Man Who Talked to the Banana Trees,
Raug dab thawj thiab los sis siab phem xwb?
Possédé par un démon de chagrin ou simple méchanceté?
Possessed by a Lost Spirit of Grief or Simple Wickedness?
Guest Writer: Npoos Xyooj (Bong Xiong), Young Master of Hmong Wedding
Kab Tshoob Kev Kos: Piav Txog Tshoob Coj
Le mariage traditionnel: le cas du mariage par fuite
Traditional Wedding: the case of marriage by elopement
Guest Writer: Kou Xiong
Kub Xyooj Tsev Neeg Kev Nrhiav ib Lub Teb Chaw uas Muaj Kev Yeej Pheej
La recherche d'une terre de choix par la famille de Kou Xiong
Kou Xiong's Family Search For a Land of Choices
Niam Nkauj Kab Yeeb
La rencontre avec la déesse miséricorde Guanying.
The Meeting with Guayin, the Goddess of Mercy.